How To Hunt Coyotes – Shooting Tips

Hunting is a sport and entertainment. It is an interesting way to keep yourself busy with some productive work. Different people prefer to hunt different animals. This depends upon their choices and priorities. But some of the hunters do love to make their entertainment more adventurous instead of just fun. Hunting Coyotes is not an easy task and requires much effort as compared to hunting any other animal. This makes a Coyote a little difficult to catch, and you probably need to learn some tips and tricks to make yourself able to catch them.

Being a hunter, we have concluded some of the steps, tips, and tricks to make the Coyotes hunting both adventurous and entertaining. It will not take much of your time to read and understand the below-mentioned details. But you need to be attentive and concentrate even on the minute details to make sure you have learned everything related to Coyotes hunting.

How To Hunt Coyotes

Table of Contents

Following are the simple coyote hunting tips and explanations of the steps which you can follow to hunt Coyotes more productively.

What Is A Coyote?

Coyotes are omnivorous animals that have a dog-like small body that lives generally in North America and Central America. Researchers have proven that this is the only animal that, in the present time, is increasing in numbers instead of decreasing because of human acts. There are only some of the states all around the World which ban Coyote hunting. Otherwise, it is not banned in any area. And people love to go on hunting for Coyotes because of their large population and the tough fight they give to their hunters.

Selecting The Best Time Of The Year

It is possible to go on hunting for Coyotes throughout the year regardless of the seasons. They are available throughout the year. But keep in mind you need to change your setup according to the area you are going to hunt in, and also need to change the calls you have planned to hunt Coyotes. This is why it is an important factor to consider before finalizing the hunting time.

Time Selection For Coyote Hunting

Time of the day is an important factor that should be kept in mind while hunting Coyotes. You need to check the time when they come out and the most active. Researchers and hunters have reviewed that many Coyotes come out during the dawn and dusk time to search for food. You can go on a hunt at these timings. Whereas they also are active in the daytime during the winter season. Morning and evening hours are considered the best to go on hunting for Coyotes.

Setting Up The Set-up To Shoot Coyotes

Make sure to properly search the time and place where the Coyotes live and come out in search of food. If you have proper knowledge of this, then you do know that how to make your setup. If possible, select the area which contains cows in its neighbors. This would be the best area to capture Coyotes as they would keep on looking for cows as their food.

Moreover, keep in mind other factors too. Focus on where you will hide your car if you are making your setup in the car. Because Coyotes can smell and hear very well, it is not recommended to make your setup near their dens. Further, it is recommended for you to stay low instead of getting high as when they will see you, they will surely not remain in your sight anymore.

Calls And How Long To Wait After Each Call?

Calls are tools that can copy the animal voices and the distressed voices of Coyotes and other animals like hogs to make your prey attract towards you. This is the most important part of hunting Coyotes. There are two basic types of calls that are used; automated calls and hand calls. Both of them are different from each other, and the selection of one depends upon the hunter’s choice.

Hand calls are further divided into open and closed reeds. Open reed calls are very easy to understand, but there are very limited ones. Alternatively, the closed reed calls have more variety in them. Then comes the automated calls. These are the electronic calls that are recorded in the machine. There are up to 250 calls that are tested by hunters and are recommended too. A Coyote’s favorite call is the rabbit distress call which surely makes the Coyotes directed towards the predator.

This is because a rabbit is the Coyote’s favorite food. Moreover, you do have the option of giving a call to a distressed Coyote’s pup. These works specifically in the season when the birth of the Coyotes babies occur. Lastly, wait for at least 15 minutes after every call for the Coyotes to arrive. You can go up to 30 to 35 minutes of waiting too. As soon as you see the Coyote is arriving, make sure to keep your gun loaded and fire. Try to be silent as much as possible, specifically after the arrival of the Coyote.


Coyotes are easily huntable in the time of dawn and dusk. This is the time when they come out to look for food. They are said to be most active in the nighttime. So we can say that nighttime is another ideal time to go hunting for Coyotes. Alternatively, you will see them active and fresh in the daytime when there is a winter season.

A dead deer is said to be the best bait for Coyotes. Moreover, the stationary baits are also ideal to make Coyotes attractive to you. Coyote baitsicle could be the stationary bait that you can use in case you are looking for the bait to hunt Coyotes.

Calling a coyote in the midday is a little tough as compared to calling them in the morning or dusk. They are not easy to hunt and give a quite tough time while coming in the range of guns. Moreover, with a few tricks and tips, you can also call the Coyotes in midday.

It depends upon the preference of the hunter. You can call the Coyotes for up to 30 to 40 minutes, but most of the hunters prefer to call them for 15 to 20 minutes only. Alternatively, there are some hunters who only call them for 10 minutes.

Final Thoughts

Going on a hunt for Coyotes is not difficult but not like other animals too. There are different procedures of hunting for different animals depending upon the nature of the animal. Coyotes are aggressive animals. A dog likes structure and is small in size. It gives a tough fight and is not always available on every call. You need to tackle it with the proper planning and setup, as mentioned above. No doubt hunting a Coyotes is entertaining and adventurous both. Make sure to learn the details mentioned above to double up the experience of your hunting.

Additional Questions

What is the optimum strategy for hunting coyotes?

The key to effective coyote hunting calls for taking advantage of the wind conditions, either by calling into the wind or alongside it, whilst ensuring you have a clear shot to the downwind side. Coyotes instinctively circle to the downwind side of any distress sounds they hear, hence having a downwind shooting lane is critical. It’s also a good idea to position yourself with an obstacle like a fence or a creek at your back as this can guide the coyotes towards the ideal shooting areas. Before commencing your call, make sure to settle in your location for a few minutes. Manipulating the wind and understanding the behavioural instincts of the coyotes can increase your hunting success exponentially.

What are some mistakes to avoid when hunting coyotes?

When is the prime time to hunt coyotes?

Coyotes, by nature, are predators that hunt mostly during the night which makes dawn and dusk the prime hunting times as they venture out in search of food. Consequently, numerous hunters are now preferring to hunt coyotes at night given that’s when these animals are generally most active. In addition, as temperatures drop, daytime coyote activity tends to increase. Thus, the transition times (dawn and dusk) and the colder days could be the most opportune times for hunting coyotes.

Where is the ideal shot placement on a coyote for a quick and clean kill?

The heart and lungs of a coyote are located directly behind the shoulder joint. So, lining up your shot through the shoulder joint can lead to an immediate, clean kill. If you’re unsure, stay focused on the front leg, moving upwards to the center of the coyote’s body – that’s your target. Aiming for the area around the shoulder joint could ensure a swift, humane kill.